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Over all view about Anemonefish :
Anemonefish or Clownfish is fishes from the subfamily Amphiprioninae in the family Pomacentridae. Its scientific name is Amphiprion percula.. About thirty species are renowned, one in the species premnas while the enduring is in the species amphiprion. In their natural habitat they all form identical mutualism with sea anemones. Anemonefish are generally yellow, orange, rosy or sometimes blackish, and many have white spots or patches. The biggest can reach a length of 19 centimeters.
Ecology and habitat :
Anemonefish are inhabitant to warmer waters of the Indian and Pacific ocean, as well as the Great Barrier Reef and the Red Sea. Although most genuses have limited distributions, others are well-known. They are usually highly swarm specific, and particularly the genera Heteractis and Stichodactyla, and the genus Entacmaea quadricolor are common partners. Anemonefish live at the bed of the sea in protected reefs or in shallow lagoons, generally in pairs. They are found in northwest Australia, Japan and Indo-Malaysian region.
The Anemonefish nourish on tiny invertebrates or else they potentially could hurt the sea anemone, and the fecal matter from the Anemonefish gives nutrients to the sea anemone. Anemonefish are omnivorous animal. In the wild they feed on live food such as algae, plankton, crustacean and mollusks. In captivity they can stay alive on live food, fish flakes, fish pellets and fish flakes. Algae accounts for around 25 to 30 percent of their diet in their natural habitat. The diet of the Anemonefish also consists of copepods, mysids, zooplankton, and isopods.
Special Characteristics :
Anemonefish and few damselfish are the only types of fishes that can stay away from the strong poison of a marine anemone. There are numerous theories about how this is consummate:
• The mucus coating of the fish is based on sugars relatively than proteins. This means that anemones fail to identify the fish as a possible food source and do not shoot their nematocysts.
• The convolution of certain genus of Anemonefish with precise anemone host species can acquire a resistance to the nematocysts and poison of their host anemone.
Life cycle :
- Anemonefish lay eggs on any even surface close to their mass anemones. In their natural habitat, Anemonefish spawn around the time of the full moon and the male parent protects them until they hatch after 8 to 12 days later, usually 3 hours after dusk.
- Depending on the genus, Anemonefish can lay thousands of eggs. Anemonefish were the first type of aquatic ornamental fish to be effectively bred in captivity on a large scale. Members of some Anemonefish genus, such as the maroon anemonefish, become violent in captivity.
- In captivity, the Anemonefish can live from 6 to 10 years. In their natural habitat, they live 6 to 15 years.
Quick Facts :
- Continent: Asia, South America, Africa, Central and North America.
- Diet: Algae, mollusks.
- Food and feeding: Omnivore animal.
- Habitats: Ocean or Sea.
- Conservation status: They are not threatened.
- Their Relatives: Thread-fin damsel fish.
- Country: Universal tropical.