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The crocodile needlefish (Tylosurus crocodiles), is a fish with long and pointed beaks and belongs to a family of Belonidae. Their beaks look like the crocodiles jaw. Their beaks are very dangerous if they attack a human being with it. This can happen when someone is fishing or with the divers. Whenever something frightens them, they rapidly jump out of water. These crocodile fish have different names such as Hound needlefish, Houndfish, Crocodile Longtoms, Giant Longtom, Seagars, Gar, Aligator Gar, Garfish and Ocean Piper. They are very peculiar in their look. The largest known crocodile is weighed 6350 grams.
Description of Crocodile fish :
The crocodile fish has no spines, but they have soft rays instead. Its dorsal fin has 21-25 soft rays and its anal fin has 19-22 soft rays. They also have 80-86 vertebrae. A houndfish can be distinguished from its other members based on their teeth, as their teeth point is anteriorly in its juvenile stage. They have dark blue backs, silver white sides and are plain white ventrally. The longest recorded crocodile fish was 150 centimeters.
Distribution and Habitat :
The crocodile fish are found in Red Sea and from the coast of South Africa. They are also found in East to French Polynesia, North to Japan and South to New South Wales, Australia. These fishes can also be found near Guinea, Senega and Cape Verde. These Crocodile needlefish likes to live in tropical water, where the water temperature is between 26-29 degree Celsius. They hunt smaller fish, which swim just below the surface of the water. They are found over lagoons and seaward reefs. They feed on the smaller fishes. They lay eggs in the water and these eggs get attached to the objects in the water. They open their jaws when you get close to them. When you get close to them, then you will really realize that why they are called as "crocodile needlefish".
Crocodile Needlefish Facts
The three main facts of the Crocodile needlefish are as following:
- It feeds mainly on the small fishes close to the surface of the water.
- Flying fishes can become its prey.
- Feeding takes place in channels between islands close together.
Crocodile fish and Human being :
Crocodile needlefish have a scary reputation among human beings. These crocodile fish have a characteristic to get attracted towards light. They are mainly caught by tempting them towards light. These fishes also have a peculiar quality of jumping out of water whenever they get frightened. This quality of the crocodile fish is very dangerous to the human being because they have sharp and pointed beak, which can hurt people. It is very dangerous to fisherman and divers as its attack can cause severe wounds and sometimes even death. They are sold in the market but the market is very small, as fishermen are feared to catch them. The meat of the crocodile needlefish is green, so people do not have much attraction towards this fish. Many consider it as good to eat but it has many bones, so in US it is less enjoyable to eat. The good news is that these species is not in the danger list of extinction like other sea animals. The reason is that they reproduce and grow very fast. Their population can get double just within 15 months.