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Lingcod fish

Lingcod (Ophiodon elongates), is a marine fish, which belongs to the family of Hexagrammidae. These species can grow up to a size of 152 cm and weigh up to about 36.3 kg. They have a projected lower jaw with many sharp teeth. These fishes have large mouth, which is about 1 meter in length. These species have different color patterns and markings on their body. The shades of gray, brown or green can be found on their body, which depends on the environment in which they live. Some of these fishes are found to be dark in color.

Behavior and Distribution
The lingcod fishes are the native of the North Pacific and they can be found from Alaska to Mexico along the coastline. These marine fishes are found in huge numbers in America and Colombia. In the United States, these fishes are very popular as game and food fish. They are mostly found in the edge of underwater reefs or rocky areas. These species can be often seen lying and waiting for the small fishes to come so that they can eat them.

The larvae of these lingcod fish feed on zooplankton. They feed on tiny floating animals, which include small crustaceans, shrimp, krill, crab and lobster. The larger juveniles feed on small fishes and clupeids. Whereas, the adult of these species feed on octopus, crabs, squid and bottom dwelling fishes.

Reproduction and Breeding
The spawning season of these species is between December to March in the water around (10 to 33) feet below. The females of these species deposit their eggs in the shallow water under the rocks. The females are not seen often around the spawning areas, they move to this side only for a short time in order to deposit their eggs. The females lay their eggs in the winter and spring. The eggs are huge in numbers. The size of the eggs is around 3.5 millimeters in diameter. The male guards the eggs for about (8 to 10) weeks till the egg hatches. The hatchlings which come out of the eggs are about (7 to 10) millimeters in length and usually have blue eyes. At nights, the newly developed fish get attracted to lights after a few weeks. Males do not exceed more than 1 meter in length in (10 to 12) years, whereas the females reach 1 meter in (10 to 12) years. It would be interesting to know that the large fully matured females can produce around 500,000 eggs. These species of fish have a life span of around 20 years.


Lingcod and Human Being
The population of these species is rebuilt. The over fishing of these species, have been banned in many countries. The flesh is quite tasty and turns white when cooked. The meat of these species is a good source of protein and consists of low-fat. It is also rich in vitamin B12 and selenium. These fishes are known to attack the divers during their incubation period that is in January and February.