White Sea Perch
White Sea Perch (Phanerodon furcatus) is a marine fish, which are commonly known as bass perch, sea perch, silver bass, humpy, etc. These fishes are still a mystery to the scientists because their population is quite abundant in some places while they are very rarely found in some places. These fishes are the relative of striped bass and white bass and thus it is not a true perch. These creatures are also commonly known as silver bass.
These species are very much similar to the white sea bass but has no stripes on their body. These fishes have deep and thin body and looks like a slope right from the eye to the dorsal fin. It varies in color such as olive, dark brown, silvery gray, gray-green and black. They have silvery green color on their sides and white on their belly. It has two dorsal fins, which further have nine spines and the second dorsal fin has soft rays. These fishes have large scales with a lateral line, which is complete. These perch have very slow growth and they are usually small. These species can grow up to a size of 19 inches and weigh up to 6 pounds. They have an average life span of about (5 to 7) years and some of the species can live up to (14 to 17) years.
Habitat and Distribution
These fishes are found both in shallow as well as deeper water. These are the inhabitants of brackish water, freshwater as well as salt water. They can be found in estuaries, rivers and streams. These are the inhabitants of Atlantic coast and can be found from the Gulf of St. Lawrence to South Carolina. Moreover, they can be found in Lake Ontario, the Hudson River and Chesapeake Bay areas. These fishes are schooling fish and thus like to live in group.
These fishes feed both during day and night as well. These fish are found to be more active during low light. In the juvenile stage, they feed on plankton or small larvae of other fishes. The adult of these species like to feed on small fishes such as killifish, smelt, yellow perch or other white perch. Apart, from the small fishes the adult also feeds on herring, shrimp, small alewives and crabs.
Breeding / Reproduction
These White Sea Perch are known to spawn in the spring. The spawning occurs in the shallow water, where temperature ranges about (14 to 24) degree Celsius. After spawning, the females produce around (15000 to 200000) eggs and these eggs stick to the vegetation after fertilization. The hatching of eggs takes much time in the colder water as compared to the warmer water. The new hatchlings are about 2.3 mm in length and usually feed on plankton.
White Sea Perch Fishing
These white perch fishes are very popularly caught by the fishermen. They are caught with the help of small hooks or double rigs. Mackerel, night crawlers and blood worms can be used as prey to catch these fishes.