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Siamese crocodile (Crocodylus siamensis), is a crocodile, which belongs to the family of Crocodylidae. This species of the crocodile is in the endangered list of extinction. They have different common names such as Siamese crocodile, Cocodrilo de Siam, Singapore small-grain, etc.
The male of these species is bigger than the females. On average the males grow up to a size of 3 meter, but some of the species can be found of around 4 meters. The juvenile of these crocodiles are found to have golden tan with black stripes on their tail and body, whereas the adult have broad snouts and the scales of their throat are more transverse. The hybrids of these crocodiles are than the Siamese crocodile.
Habitat and Behavior
Though the habitat of the Siamese crocodile has been poorly known by the scientists but it has been known that these species prefer freshwater. They live in rivers, streams or swamps. These crocodiles are sometimes also seen in brackish water and their existence in saltwater is not yet being confirmed. The Siamese are seen in the waters of Burma, Thailand, Northern Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam.
Much is not known about the feeding habits, it has been found that the Siamese crocodile feed mainly on fish. Apart from marine fish they also feed on reptiles, amphibians and on small mammals too.
Breeding / Reproduction
These crocodiles mature at the age of around 10 years. They breed in the wet season between April and May. The females make nest and lay their eggs in this nest. The number of eggs, which she lays, varies from 20 to 25 in number. The nest is guarded by the females. The eggs take around 80 days to hatch while the female take the hatchlings to the water. However, it is yet unknown how long the female stays with the new hatchlings.
Siamese crocodile is in the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) Red list of endangered species. These species were believed to be extinct in a survey done in 1992. Nevertheless, after that the scattered population count suggested that there are around 5000 crocodiles of this species available. The main reasons behind the decrease in numbers of these species is hunting and destroying their natural habitat for agriculture. The skin of these species is considered to be valuable and so it has been highly used for commercial purpose. Surveys say that only a few of these species are remaining in Thailand, and there is a threat that they may get extinct soon from this area. In the present scenario, these species have been bred in captivity and this will be very useful in increasing the population of this species. In Cambodia and Thailand, these crocodile are especially bred in captivity. Apart from this, thousands of these species have been kept in crocodile farms.
Considering the above facts, it is necessary to conserve this species, order to enhance the population of these species and save it from getting extinct in the coming future.