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Sharks are considered to be the most dangerous species among the one, which lives under sea. These are the types of deep sea fish, which has streamlined body. But all of these sharks are not dangerous.
Wobbegong Shark belongs to the family of Orectolobidae family and the category of those few sharks which live at the bottom of the ocean. They are commonly known as the "Carpet shark". It has a mouth, which is situated below its body and has two dorsal fins and a caudal fin. Also it has small pointed teeth. They are found in Western Pacific Ocean and Eastern Indian Ocean around Indonesia and Australia. These species have an average length of 1.25 meters, but the spotted wobbegong can grow up to 3.2 meters. They feed on small fish and they have small sharp teeth to catch their prey. Their skin is often used to make leather. Genus Eucrossorhinus, Genus Orectolobus and Genus Sutorectus include eleven species. These Wobbegong shark is large in size so they are not commonly kept in the aquarium but there are some aquarists who keep these sharks successfully. The smaller size of these species such as tasseled wobbegong and Ward’s wobbegong can be kept in aquarium.
Facts about Wobbegong Shark
- They are so flat in their shape that they look like the part of the sea floor.
- They move slowly in water.
- These are not dangerous normally but there has been 23 confirmed attacks.
- They are difficult to be kept in an aquarium due to large size but smaller one can be kept.
The spotted wobbegong (Orectolobus maculates), has a distinctive color pattern, which includes dark saddles and white rings on the body. Its name come from the Greek word "orectos" and "lobus" meaning stretched out and rounded projection respectively. It can grow up to a size of 3meters in length. It has flattened body and head. These species are found mainly along the southern coastline of Australia from southern Queensland to Western Australia. There are the possibilities of its existence in the Japan Sea and South China Sea. They like to live in shallow water around 100 meters depth. They feed mainly at night. Their prey includes fishes, crayfish, octopus and crabs. They most often lie on rocky reef bottoms and sand. The females attract the males by releasing pheromones in to the water. The mating process is same as the other sharks. The males bite females and it inserts one clasper into the cloaca to release sperm. At the time of birth the average size of the spotted wobbegong is 21cm.These sharks are very good for eating. It has very hard skin and thus its skin is used to make beautiful patterned leather.
Facts about Spotted Wobbegong shark
- Normally, it is not an aggressive creature.
- Attacks only when provoked.
- The females of these species can deliver around 37 young ones at a time.
- Its skin is used to make leather.
- It is good and healthy to eat.
- There are chances that it may come in IUCN Red List, in future.