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The Zebra shark (Stegostoma fasciatum or varium) is one of the most interesting sea creatures with a very distinguished look like a zebra. The sharks have a long history of 350 million years ago. They also do not have swim bladder. They are also considered to be very intelligent creatures. The sharks have 368 species and are further divided into 30 families. The Zebra shark (Stegostoma fasciatum or varium), belongs to the family of Stegostomatidae and are found in the tropical Indo-Pacific region. They belong to the species of carpet shark and have distinctive appearance. They grow up to a size of 8.2 feet. They have a cylindrical body with a flattened head and a blunt shaped snout. They have 28-33 rows of upper teeth and 22-32 rows of teeth in lower jaws. They have five longitudinal ridges on their cylindrical body. They grow up to a size of 8.2 feet. They have a color pattern of dark brown above and light yellow below.
Habitat and Behavior
They spend most of their day time resting on the sea floor. They hunt generally at nights. They feed on mollusks, small bony fishes, crustacean, sea snakes and crevices in the holes and reefs. They are mainly found in the tropical waters of the South Africa, Persian Gulf and the Red Sea. They are also found in India, Taiwan, Japan, Tonga, New Caledonia, Indonesia, Philippines, Palau and Australia.
Reproduction and Breeding
In the mating process the male shark follows the female and bite vigorously at her pectoral fins and tail. The male curls his body around the female and it inserts one of his claspers in female’s cloaca. The females lay egg capsules of size up to 17 cm long and 8 cm wide. The females lay up to 46 eggs in a period of 112 days. The life span of these sharks is around (25-30) years.
Zebra Shark Facts
The facts about the zebra shark are the following :
- They have the characteristics to lose their strips.
- Their caudal fin is as long as their body.
- These zebra sharks are not dangerous.
- They can live up to 9 years.
- The meat of the zebra shark is in high demand.
- They are killed for their fin and liver oil.
- These sharks are in the IUCN red list of endangered species.
Zebra Shark for Sale
The zebra sharks are sold in the market fresh, salted or dried. Their fins are dried and sold as shark-fin tail trade. Their liver contains oil, which is rich in vitamin. So, their oil is in high demand. Their oil is used on a large basis for making cosmetics by the cosmetic industry. They are most often killed for this purpose.
Zebra Bullhead Shark Facts
- They are found in Indonesia, East Asia, Australia and Pacific Ocean.
- They feed on small invertebrates like crustaceans and mollusks.
- The zebra bullhead shark grows up to 4 feet.
- They are oviparous and females lay screw-like egg cases.